| 128 / 163 RG 6 | |
Coaxial cable 128 / 163 () R G 6 Super Shield
standard shield vs duel shield vs tri shield vs quad shield coax
32 vs 64 vs 96 vs 128 vs 163

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  1. Center Conductor (Bare Copper or Copper Coated) (Solid or Stranded)
  2. Dielectric Insulator
  3. Foil Shield
  4. Braided Shield (Aluminum or Copper)
  5. Outer Jacket

coaxial . . x y z. .

Note how both the outer shield and the inner conductor share the z axis as a center point.

. / RG-type. RG ( ) ( ) . . RG RG6 RG59. . 75 .

RG59 is a single shielded coaxial cable about 6.1 mm in diameter with a smaller center conductor than your standard RG6 cable. Although RG59 can be used for cable TV applications (CATV), there is a significant amount of signal loss over higher frequencies when run at longer distances. RG59 is typically used to carry baseband video in CCTV applications .

RG6 is typically a double shielded coaxial cable about 6.86mm in diameter with a center conductor a bit larger than that of the RG59 type. RG6 is commonly used in Cable TV, Satellite TV and Cable Modem applications due to its low attenuation over high frequencies.

Both RG6 and RG59 come in a variety of types, which are all designed for specific applications.
Below is a list of eight commonly used coaxial designs for a typical video distribution application:

Messenger: Messenger cable is a standard coaxial cable with an additional steel wire attached to the outer jacket along the length of the cable to carry tension for use in an aerial drop from a utility pole. Typically used in a cable TV application to send signal from the cable splitter or TAP to the side of the customer's home.

Flooded/Direct Burial: Flooded/ Direct Burial coaxial cable is designed for installation inside underground conduits. It is used in cable TV applications as a transmission line from the signal source to the customer's home. Some flooded cable contains a sticky gel-like substance for heavier waterproofing.

Dual/Siamese: Dual and/or Siamese coaxial cable have two cables bound together at the jacket. This type of cable can come in different variations. One variation is two RG6 type cables bound together by the jacket. It is commonly referred to as dual RG6 and is typically used for satellite TV installations. This type of cable allows for multiple runs using only one cable. Another variation uses RG6 and/or RG59 bound together at the jacket with a power cable. This is commonly used in CCTV applications and allows for both video signal and power to be sent to and from a surveillance camera.

Indoor/Outdoor: Indoor / Outdoor (Interior/Exterior) coaxial cable is not based on any specific RG type, it is a basic coaxial cable. Jacket ratings differentiate the two. White is usually chosen as interior coaxial cable due to the fact that most homes or dwellings will use white trim around the base of the floor. This design is primarily based on aesthetics, and is solely a customer's preference. Black coaxial cable will also work for interior installations. Black is often used in an interior space when run between walls of a single dwelling home or an apartment building. Black is also used outdoors primarily for aesthetics. When installed underneath the eve on the exterior wall of a single dwelling home, black tends to be less visible. Coaxial cable designed for outdoor use will also have a (UV) rated jacket for protection against sun exposure.

Plenum: Plenum rated (CMP) coaxial cable comes in a variety of RG types but is differentiated by its outer jacket. Plenum rated coaxial cable is designed using a special Teflon material for the outer jacket. This cable is required for runs involving ventilation ducts and is designed to meet fire codes.

Riser: Riser rated (CMR) coaxial cable comes in a variety of RG types and is used in vertical tray applications when installing between floors through cable risers or in elevator shafts. It is for non-plenum spaces.

RG11: RG11 is a triple or quad shielded coaxial cable about 10.5 mm in diameter and is used for long runs, in both aerial and underground conduit. RG11 coax operates at an impedance of 75 ohms and is suitable for video distribution. It finds additional usage in cable TV installations where the distance from the TAP splitter to the customer's home is longer than 250 ft in length. RG11 is a lot thicker than your RG6 and RG59 types and has a larger center conductor allowing for low attenuation at longer distances.

Quad: Quad is a term used to refer to a specific amount of shielding used in a single coaxial cable. Quad, meaning that the cable itself has four layers of shielding around the dielectric insulator. If one starts at the outside the layers go: aluminum braid, aluminum foil, aluminum braid and foil. The extra shielding protects the cable from any unwanted interference. Quad coaxial cable typically comes in the RG6 and RG11 types.

Quad RG6 is common to commercial and residential installations, typically in multi dwelling units such as apartment buildings, hotels and large business spaces. However, it's becoming more common to see RG6 quad being used in single dwelling homes as well.

Coaxial cable has a plethora of connectors for termination. As was briefly explained earlier in the article, coaxial cable is a multi purpose cable used in a number of applications. Connectors come in many different types and sizes relative to each coaxial series. Some of the more common coaxial terminations are F-pin and BNC . Both F-pin and BNC connectors are referred to as RF (Radio Frequency) connectors and operate at impedance of 75 ohms.

F-pin connectors are found in cable TV, Satellite TV and cable modem installations. BNC connectors are used in closed circuit television/surveillance camera, networking and HDSDI (High Definition Serial Digital Interface) applications. Both F-pin and BNC connectors can be found in a variety of termination types (crimp-on, twist-on, solder, or compression). Another well-known connector type used to terminate coaxial cable is the RCA connector. The RCA connector, also known as a phono connector, is commonly used to carry audio and or video signals from a variety of musical equipment and audio/visual hardware. (Televisions, cable boxes, mixers, audio receivers, speakers, amplifiers, etc.).

Coaxial cables can also be used with a variety of hardware and adapters. Some of the more common pieces of equipment used in conjunction with some of the more common coaxial designs are passive devices such as splitters , F-pin couplers (Barrels), Diplexers, etc.
Coaxial cable is like the Swiss Army knife of cables. Its many personalities allow it to adapt and be applicable to today's society and its needs. It will remain relevant for the foreseeable future due to its low cost and ability to transmit high quality signal.


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