Cash in Hand Petty Cash
The Difference Between Petty Cash and Cash on Hand
What does cash in hand mean in accounting?

Cash in hand (petty cash) is the money in the register when opening the that for sales.
You dont start business with 0 amount in cash register,
so whatever amount you give to staff in start of their duty will be considered the cash in hand.

Cash in hand is the physical availability of cash with the business.
Every business keeps some cash in hand and deposits remaining in bank as per the need.

Why keep cash in hand ?

Cash in hand is necessary to run the normal business cycle. Also at times of certain uncertainties, cash in hand is helpful to settle some liabilities without searching for other financial options.
Why do we write it as balance brought down on the receipts side of simple cash book ?

At the end of every year, the left over cash is carried down (c/d) to close the cash book and that cash is brought down (b/d) in the next accounting year and is utilized in that year. Simply, the balance brought down (b/d) is the left over (unutilized) cash of previous year to be used in current year. That's why it is written as brought down in receipt side of cash book.

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. If a company has no cash on hand, it might be headed toward bankruptcy.
However, if its petty cash is empty, it just means that someone probably needs to go to the bank or ATM.

Cash on Hand

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Cash on hand is the total amount of any accessible cash. According to "Entrepreneur" magazine, it refers to any available cash regardless of whether it is in your pocket or your bank account. Investments that you can convert to cash in 90 days or less are typically included when calculating your cash on hand.

Petty Cash for Small Expenses

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The difference between cash and petty cash is that petty cash is the money that you keep on hand to make small payments where you do not want to use a check or credit card, while cash on hand is any accessible cash. For example, if your employee spends $5.75 buying office pens, instead of writing the employee a check for his expenses, you can pay him from your petty cash and mark it in your petty cash book. AccountingCoach states that the amount needed in your petty cash depends on your needs; it can be as little as $50, or as much as $200.

Cash on Hand in Financial Statements

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For some businesses, petty cash is just some cash in a box that you grab bills out of when someone needs something, and it does not enter into consideration when producing financial statements. While it is true that financial statements typically do not require you to list your petty cash, the amount of money in your petty cash is part of your cash on hand. You must know your cash on hand to produce a cash flow statement.

According to Small Business Trends, this is the most important financial statement for new businesses. Lenders use your cash flow statement to determine the financial worth of your company. If your cash inflows are insufficient, your cash on hand drops, possibly leaving you unable to pay your liabilities.